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Knowledge Base

Postback URL and DSU Variables

General Notes

Recording Without Connectivity

When using online service with Postback URL or DSU enabled, the scanning device needs Internet connectivity to validate against the online database.

However, you can allow the app-user to record scans automatically without interruption if connectivity is lost. To do that, on the Advanced step you would need to enable “Auto-Sync” and also under “Auto-Next Scan” select the option “Always. (Save if error.) If the connection fails, log a record on-device and continue.”

Using this feature, the scan isn’t validated but a record is saved on the device and auto-uploaded to the designated Postback or DSU URL when connectivity is restored.

Adding Your Own Key

Until API 2.0 is released, there isn’t an option to add a custom HTTP header to posts. Here are your current options:

  • To the URL you can add your own key; for example ?key=1234567890.
  • Another option is using the Export Template’s “Custom Field” option for the key. If you are using the API to create services, please look here for how to add a template to the service creation API.
  • Note: For Direct Scan to URL (DSU) you will only receive the default variables shown below since you cannot use an Export Template with DSU.

Whitelisting

You can find the IP addresses for whitelisting on your Account page under the API tab.

Responding With HTML

You need to escape what goes inside the text node. For example, you can’t just put “html” with brackets (general escaping examples here).

Timestamps

For Postback URL, scans are posted in Eastern Time. The scan record will also include the device timestamp as converted to UTC under the “scanned_at_utc” variable. For DSU, scans include both a “scanned_at_utc” variable and a “device_timestamp” variable. The device timestamp variable is saved as the device’s time zone rather than being converted to UTC.

Variables vs. Export Template

When using Postback URL, you can define what your server receives based on an Export Template. When using DSU, the variables are not able to be structured with a template.

Echo Postback

If you want to see what is posted to your server, you can put an ‘echo’ at the beginning of your postback. Then, the post received will be emailed to you. Also, if placed at the beginning of your script, you should still get the email even if there’s a problem with your script.

Though setting up an echo will vary based on your programming language, here’s one example:

mail(“my@email.com”, “Echo POSTBACK”, print_r($_POST,true));

Webhook Site

WebHook.Site is an alternative to Echo Postback when using Postback on the Advanced step in Receiver-Only mode. This website will show the form data as well as the raw data. Additionally, it works with Question data.

Questions and Answers

Treat answers not as a plain array but as an associative array or a dictionary where the keys are question IDs.

A normal index array is this:

answers[1] = answer X
answers[2] = answer Y
answers[n] = answer Z

We are not posting it that way. We are posting based on the questions created and assigned to the service. Thus, given assigned questions with question id #1111 and #2222 to your service, when someone scans and submits the post will be:

answers[1111] = answer for question id 1111
answers[2222] = answer for question id 2222

array for postback

Important: First, you need to consider when you are submitting answers. For instance, if you have pre-submit questions, the answers will come with the one post. Moreover, if you have post-submit questions, you will receive two posts with the same ID for you to know the relation.

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